Etech Spider

Are Your Manufacturing Equipment RoHS and REACH Compliant?

equipment manufacturing

To ensure worker, consumer, and environmental safety, the manufacturing industry is one of the most demanding when it comes to following and implementing rules and regulations. Moreover, these rules and regulations are often updated or changed completely, depending on existing scientific information at the time.

Among these sets of rules and regulations are the Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive (RoHS) and the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) compliance requirements, which were both adoptedby the European Union. RoHS and REACH are easily misunderstood or confused for each other, especially since they both revolve around hazardous substances. Let’s take a look at their primary objectives and the differences between the two.

RoHS Directive

RoHSis an EU directive, which means that member states are required to achieve a result, without requiring a specific set of means to achieve that result. In this case, the expected output is the manufacturing of electronic and electrical equipment without using any of the following hazardous materials: lead, mercury, cadmium, hexavalent chromium, polybrominated biphenyls, and polybrominateddiphenyl ether. RoHS restrictions may be imposed even if there is no evidence of actual risk of using these materials and even without a complete evaluation of the impacts of using alternatives; it is enough to show the potential risk of these six substances.

The RoHS directive applies to various kinds of equipment, including large and small household appliances; IT and telecommunications equipment like smartphones and similar gadgets; consumer equipment such as those used in the home or office; lighting equipment like lamps and bulbs; electronic and electrical tools; toys, leisure, and sports equipment; medical devices like implants; monitoringinstruments like smoke detectors;motion control systems with motorized linear stages; automatic dispensers; and semiconductor devices.

The covered products in the directive should contain only 1000 ppm of the restricted materials (cadmium and mercury are limited to 100 ppm) by weight. The limits apply to any component that can be separated from finished product, say, cable sheaths, miniature motors, or circuit boards which contain individual parts.

The responsibility of complying with the directive falls upon the company that puts the product in the market, regardless of whether the product is made in any of the EU member states or imported. Full compliance is therefore dependent on the company’s dissemination of the directive to their suppliers and subcontractors.

REACH Regulation

REACH, being a regulation, means it is enforceable as law in all EU member states. REACH focuses on the production and use of chemical substances and to protect both human health and the environment from the impact of such substances. This regulation requires companies that manufacture or import more than one ton of any kind of chemical substance into European Union per year to register the said substances with the European Chemical Agency or ECHA, no matter what kind of product they are manufacturing or importing—even cosmetics.

Similar to RoHS, all parties involved in the manufacturing or importing of products that contain hazardous substances should be aware of the terms of REACH. However, while RoHS specifies six substances, REACH pertains to all chemicals, both individual ingredients and finished products. These include cadmium, lead, mercury, nickel, arsenic, and their compounds; bisphenol A; and hazardous solvents like benzene, cyclohexane, and chloroform. Close to 143,000 chemical substances were pre-registered by December 2008; if a substance is not pre-registered by that period or continue to be unregistered thereafter, it will be marked as illegal.

Another primary difference between RoHS and REACH are their exemptions. RoHS has over 80 exempted applications of the restricted substances, like cadmium in solar panels, limited amounts of mercury in light bulbs that require this element to function, and lead as an alloying element in steel. These exemptions have to be renewed or they will automatically expire after 5 or 7 years. Meanwhile REACH has two categories of exemptions: total exemption, which are materials that are not covered by REACH (such as radioactive materials), and partial exemption, which are substances that don’t have to registered to REACH but may be subject to other obligations under the same.

No matter their differences, the RoHS and REACH have similar goals, which is to ensure that human lives and the environment are protected, even as we continue to pursue technological advancements.

Route Optimization Strategies for Transport Efficiency

Sandeep Dharak

Why Manufacturing Companies need IT Support Services

Sandeep Dharak

How Blockchain Gaming is Changing the Way We Play

Sandeep Dharak

Signs That Your IT Infrastructure Is Obstructing Your Digital Transformation Goals

Sandeep Dharak

How to Choose the Right Resolution for Printing – A Comprehensive Guide

Sandeep Dharak

The Most Common Areas Where Businesses are Wasting Time, Money, And Energy

Sandeep Dharak

FInternet Of Things: Strong Reasons Why IoT Can Revolutionize the Financial Sector

Sandeep Dharak

The Environmental Impact of Electronic Waste and Why Recycling Matters

Sandeep Dharak

Effective Call Routing and Queuing Techniques in Call Centers

Sandeep Dharak

How 3D Printing Can be used in The Renewable Energy Industry

Sandeep Dharak

Data Science in Agriculture: Optimizing Crop Yields and Sustainability

Sandeep Dharak

Finding a Long Term Investment Token for 2030

Sandeep Dharak

What is the Role of a MySQL Operator?

Sandeep Dharak

How does Bitcoin Mining Strengthen Electricity Grids

Sandeep Dharak

4 Key Big Data Trends to Watch for in The Year 2023

Sandeep Dharak

How to Make More Effective Cold Calls: Cold Calling 101

Sandeep Dharak

7 Ways to Prep Your Store ahead of Boxing Day Sales

Sandeep Dharak

Copywriting For Clients And Customers Conveniently

Sandeep Dharak

What are Security Orchestration and Automation?

Sandeep Dharak

Top Cloud Computing Trends To Watch

Sandeep Dharak

5 Online Shopping Precautions While You Shop on Internet

Sandeep Dharak

How To Handle Tech Problems While Work from Home

Sandeep Dharak

3D Printing Prototype in Manufacturing & Industrial Firms

Sandeep Dharak

How To Sell Buy Cryptocurrency in 2023

Sandeep Dharak

What is Tiny AI? Benefits of Tiny AI

Sandeep Dharak

4 Tips for Improved Inventory Optimization in 2023

Sandeep Dharak

How Can Technology Help You Take Your Business to the Global Stage?

Sandeep Dharak

This website uses cookies to improve your experience. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Accept Read More